Art Capital of the Philippines

Carlos Villaluz Francisco

Picture
On November 4, 1914, Maria Villaluz gave birth to a child to Felipe Francisco and called him Carlos but he is well-known as Botong among his friends and town mates. Furthermore, as a youth, Botong is fond of playing basketball than practicing his skills in painting.

At the age of five, Botong lost his father. His father was an ex-seminarian and a degree holder of the humanities who worked in a manufacturing of a local wine. His mother attended him for education. Among the few, he spent his college years at the University of the Philippines School of Fine Arts and during those days, specifically in 1959 he was the recipient of a Most Outstanding Alumnus award that gave an honour to his alma mater.

On the contrary, he did not finish his degree and was forced to work. Later on before the war, he became a professor at the University Of Santo Tomas School Of Architecture and Fine Arts.

In addition, Carlos was not just a mural painter but he is also a scriptwriter – of Genghis Khan, Putol na Kampilan and Tatlong Labuyo, and designed costumes for different films such as Romeo at Julieta, Prinsipe Tenoso, Ibong Adarna, Siete Infantes de Lara and Juan Tamad series.

He was rewarded as the National Artist for Painting, considered as the greatest muralist of the country and 1964 Republic of the Philippines Cultural Heritage awardee. He is also part of the modern art movement, with Victorio C. Edades and Galo Ocampo that was known in local art circles as “the triumvirate”. In 1938, it was changed to “the thirteen moderns”, a group of modern artist.

Moreover, some of his works includes the mural made to hang at the Fiesta Pavillion of the Manila Hotel, murals for the residences of prominent Filipinos, the bayanihan scene for the Philippine Bank of Commerce, the four-panel History of Medicine for the Philippine General Hospital, the stations of the cross at the Far Eastern University chapel, and the life of St. Dominic for the Sto. Domingo Church. Lastly, his major masterpiece was the mural that he did for the Bulwagang Katipunan of Manila City Hall.

Botong died at the age of 57 on March 31, 1969, because of haemorrhage from a lung lesion. Thus, on June 12, 1973, he was conceded as the National Artist. And after he died, Botong Francisco School of Painting was established that exemplifies lyricism and heroism. 



Major Works of Carlos V. Francisco

Portrait of Purita
 
35.5 x 28 cm 
Pen and Ink on Paper
1932
Purita Kalaw-Ledesma Collection

Siesta Under the Mango Tree
60 x 45 cm
Oil on Board
1938
UST Museum Collection

Bayanihan sa Bukid
73 x 100 cm
Oil on Canvas
1940
Private Collection

Kaingin
91 x 137 cm
Oil on Canvas
1945
Dr. Solita Camara Besa Collection

Kalantiao at Lubluban
249 x 198 cm
Oil on Canvas
1946
Esther Vibal Collection

Fiesta
264.2 x 269.2 cm
Oil on Canvas
1946
Mr. and Mrs. Paulino Que Collection

Camote Eaters
86 x 130 cm
Oil on Canvas
1946
Leandro Locsion Collection

Mangingisda sa Lawa
120 x 240 cm
Oil on Wood
1946
Edilberto Bravo Collection

Code of Kalantiao
75 x 92 cm
Oil on Canvas
1947
Charito Planas Collection

Valley
47 x 71 cm
Oil on Canvas
1948
Central Bank of the Philippines Collection

Rice Threshers
34 x 50 cm
Oil on Canvas
1950
Dr. Solita Camara Besa Collection

The Invasion of Limahong
33 x 66 cm
Oil on Canvas
1956
Leandro Locsion Collection

Serenade
65.5 x 132 cm
Oil on Canvas
1957
Central Bank of the Philippines Collection

Magpupukot
100 x 135 cm
Oil on Canvas
1957
Private Collection

Muslim Betrothal
175 x 109 cm
Oil on Canvas
1958
Victor Puyat Collection

Bayanihan
62.5 x 47.5 cm
Watercolor
1960
Marites Pineda Collection

Portrait of Ada
90 x 74.5 cm
Oil on Canvas
1961
Ada Mabilangan Collection

Sandugo
150 x 459 cm
Oil on Canvas
1961
Alfonso Yuchengco Collection

Madonna of the Bamboos
90 x 45 cm
Oil on Canvas
1962
Atty. And Mrs. Renato Francisco Collection

Moriones Unmasked
48 x 72 cm
Oil on Canvas
1963
United Coconut Planters Bank Collection

The Battle of Mactan
45 x 22.5 cm
Watercolor
1964
Private Collection

The Fall of Manila and Conquest of the Philippines by Spain
45 x 22.5 cm
Watercolor
1964
Private Collection

Blood Compact
27.5 x 69.37 cm
Watercolor
1964
Marites Pineda Collection

Spain Rebuilds the Philippines
56.25 x 22.75 cm
Watercolor
1964
Private Collection

Abuses of the Spanish Authorities
46.25 x 23.75 cm
Watercolor
1964
Private Collection

The Battle of Tirad Pass, The Philippine Revolution
45 x 22.5 cm
Watercolor
1964
Private Collection

The Martyrdom of Rizal
43.75 x 22.5 cm
Watercolor
1964
Private Collection

The Republic Marches On
45 x 23.75 cm
Watercolor
1964
Private Collection

Historic Landing in Leyte, The Liberation of the Philippines
45 x 2.5 cm
Watercolor
1964
Private Collection

The Malay Migration
45 x 22.5 cm
Watercolor
1964
Private Collection

Study of the Code of Kalantiao
50 x 23.75 cm
Watercolor
1964
Private Collection

Portrait of Anding Roces
100 x 76 cm
Oil on Canvas
1965
Alejandro Roces Collection

First Mass at Limasawa
301 x 145 cm
Oil on Canvas
1965
National Museum of the Philippines Collection

Introduction of the First Christian Image
145 x 301 cm
Oil on Canvas
1965
National Museum of the Philippines Collection

Planting Corn
50 x 80 cm
Watercolor
1966
Marites Pineda Collection

Blood Compact
27.5 x 69.37 cm
Watercolor
1968
Marites Pineda Collection

Rajah Sulayman (mural)
Oil on Canvas
1968
Manila City Hall

Lost in the Forest 
29.5 x 44.5 cm
Watercolor
1970
National Museum of the Philippines Collection

Written by:
 Shane Valerie G. Pastoral

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References:

Carlos Francisco
Cultural Heritage
Wikipedia
Cocoro
Asia Finest
Gallery Big
WikiPilipinas
(The National Artists of the Philippines, 1998)
(National Artist Folio, Miriam College Foundation Inc.)